Are you prone to hormonal breakouts right before your period? It turns out that your fate isn't just in Mother Nature's hands—what you choose to eat can also help (or hurt) your symptoms. Because hormonal acne looks strikingly similar to a standard breakout, it can be difficult to pinpoint exactly which acne flare-ups are hormonal and which aren't. Thankfully, there are some good-for-your-skin foods you can incorporate into your diet to help alleviate some of the symptoms of hormonal breakouts. At the same time, experts agree on certain foods you should limit to control your acne.
While your diet isn't the end-all be-all of hormonal breakouts, what you eat (and avoid) may play a role in maintaining clear skin. We tapped two nutritionists and a dermatologist to give us the lowdown on how our diet affects our skin when it comes to hormone balance. If you're looking to do your part in clearing your skin, consistently incorporate the following nutritious foods into your diet rather than switching it up during different parts of your cycle.
Keep scrolling to find out the ultimate hormonal acne diet along with which foods balance your hormones.
What Is Hormonal Acne?
Elissa Goodman, a certified holistic nutritionist, explains that hormonal breakouts are the result of our estrogen and progesterone levels dropping as our testosterone stays the same. This causes our glands to produce more sebum—leading to oily skin, which is a breeding ground for acne-causing bacteria. This can happen as we approach menstruation or sometimes, when we eat certain aggravating foods.
Sandra Lee, board-certified dermatologist and founder of SLMD Skincare, notes that in general, there is no special zone in the body that you can use to determine what “type” of acne a person has. That being said, higher levels of testosterone in women can lead to breakouts predominantly in the chin, jaw, and neck area. "Higher levels of testosterone are often seen in women with PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), a fairly common condition where women develop cysts on their ovaries, which trigger increases in testosterone," she explains.
The Link Between Hormonal Acne and Diet
"Unfortunately, even women with healthy eating habits cannot fully change the relationship between hormones and outbreaks, but they can minimize them through a healthy diet and by maintaining a healthy weight," Goodman says. "How you eat can heal and restore hormone balance or it can completely throw you out of balance and keep you there." Farah Fahad, a dietitian and the founder of The Farah Effect, agrees as she says, "there are specific foods that have a strong effect on hormones in the body more so than your daily green juice."
Some research shows that people who maintained a low-glycemic diet may develop fewer pimples, and that such a diet will minimize spikes in glucose levels that lead to inflammation, which, in turn, can lead to an increase in sebum (aka oil) in our skin.
Foods to Eat For Hormonal Acne
- Healthy Fats: "Healthy fats are great for your skin, your heart, your brain, and your hormones," Fahad says. "Throw some coconut oil into your sugar-free matcha or sauté some broccoli with olive oil." You can also get a good dose of healthy fats from wild-caught salmon, grass-fed butter, and avocados.
- Cruciferous Vegetables: According to Goodman, this family of plants may help combat excess estrogen. They also boast excellent nutritional value that's essential to your diet at any point in your cycle. Seek out kale, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, brussel sprouts, arugula, and collard greens.
- Probiotics: "Probiotics assist in helping the body eliminate toxins (excess hormones) and waste," notes Goodman. "Your skin is your largest organ and largest eliminator of toxins. By supporting digestion with probiotics, toxins are more likely to break down in the liver before they accumulate and overwhelm the skin." There are plenty of ways to incorporate probiotics into your diet to help with acne. Fahad recommends fermented veggies, krauts, kimchi or kombucha, but warns, "just don't drink too much, as kombucha has hidden sugars."
- Adaptogen Herbs: "These herbs promote hormone balance and help decrease excess stress," explains Goodman, who says her favorite adaptogens are ashwagandha, Rhodiola, and holy basil. Fahad also recommends maca or lucuma as healthy additions to your diet.
- Omega-3s: As Goodman explains, omega-3s "are vital for proper cell function, especially for hormone function, as these are the building blocks for hormone production." She says to load up on rich sources of natural Omega-3s like wild-caught fish, flaxseed, chia seeds, walnuts, and grass-fed animal products (but steer clear of oils high in omega-6 like safflower, sunflower, corn, cottonseed, canola, soybean, and peanut).
- B-Vitamins: Goodman and Fahad both call out foods rich in vitamin B—like sweet potatoes, yams, and dark leafy greens—for balancing hormones. "Your ovulation period is a great time to load up on vitamin B and zinc in hormone-free meat," Fahad says. Goodman also recommends gluten-free whole grains and legumes.
Foods to Avoid for Hormonal Acne
- Cow's Milk: Lee says that cow’s milk (but not necessarily yogurt or cheese) can lead to increased breakouts. "We believe this is due to the elevated hormones in milk, and hormone fluctuations can increase acne breakouts," she says.
- High-Glycemic Index Foods: Things like pasta, white bread, sugar-loaded drinks may trigger hormonal acne. Swap with healthy alternatives like quinoa, barley, and flavored water.
- Fast Food: No surprise here—fast food is typically loaded with unhealthy oils and processed ingredients that don't do acne any favors.
Top Diet Tips to Control Acne
Everyone's body is different and a person sticking to one diet may help clear up their acne while the same diet may not work for someone else. Lee suggests maintaining a low-glycemic diet—including lots of fresh vegetables as well as some fresh fruits, beans, and steel-cut oats—to help minimize pimples. And no matter what, make sure you're cleansing your skin morning and night, and incorporating benzoyl peroxide, an effective antimicrobial agent helps with hormonal acne as well as inflammatory acne, into your skincare routine.
The Final Takeaway
Treating hormonal acne can be a long, frustrating process, but there are things you can tweak in your diet to help you along the way. Make sure you load up on foods that have a low glycemic index, and try to eat homemade meals as much as possible. If a switch-up in diet and over-the-counter products aren’t working, a visit to your dermatologist may be necessary to come up with a helpful treatment plan.