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In the world of skincare vitamins, you've probably heard of—and probably used or are currently using—vitamins A, C, and E. But if you work your way further down the alphabet, there's another vitamin that may have some topical benefits, too. We're talking about vitamin K, a vitamin that plays an important role in several different bodily functions. And while it's typically thought of as a more systemic vitamin, there's a good amount of topical products out there that tout it too. So, does it perform as well on the skin as it does inside our bodies? Spoiler alert: There's a reason why it's not as popular as its other vitamin counterparts. Ahead, Y. Claire Chang, MD, a board-certified dermatologist at Union Square Laser Dermatology in New York City and dermatologist Julie Russak, MD, of the Russak Dermatology Clinic in New York City weigh in on exactly what vitamin K can—and can't—do for your skin.
TYPE OF INGREDIENT: Potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, with known effects to help with blood clotting.
MAIN BENEFITS: Promotes cellular metabolism and has anti-inflammatory properties, promotes wound healing by increasing wound contraction and re-epithelialization, and may have some antioxidant properties. It's role in blood clotting may also make it beneficial for helping to minimize dark undereye circles.
WHO SHOULD USE IT: Given that in topical preparations it's most often found in creams targeting dark circles, it's most worth a try for those who want to brighten the undereye area.
HOW OFTEN CAN YOU USE IT: Topical vitamin K can be used once or twice daily, says Chang.
WORKS WELL WITH: When used topically it pairs well with arnica, vitamin C, vitamin E, caffeine, as well as retinol which can help the skin better absorb the vitamin K, says Russak.
DON'T USE WITH: There are currently no specific ingredients known to have a negative interaction with topical vitamin K.
What is Vitamin K?
Just as its name suggests, vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, which is found in food and synthesized in the large intestine. It plays an important role in many bodily functions, including blood clotting, blood calcium regulation, and bone health, says Chang. (Fun fact: That's actually why it's called vitamin K, because the German word for coagulation is koagulation.) It's also known as phytonadione.
Benefits of Vitamin K for Skin
While vitamin K is well-known for its many systemic benefits, "the mechanism by which vitamin K works in the skin is still unclear," says Chang, who adds that whether or not it even works effectively as a skincare ingredient is up for debate. She notes that there have been many different studies researching its topical benefits, though is quick to note that further research is needed before coming to any conclusive takeaways. The bottom line? Take these purported benefits with a grain of salt, and know that the science backing vitamin K is nowhere near as strong as that of other vitamins. Still, here's what it potentially can do:
- Promotes wound healing: "Vitamin K may improve wound healing by increasing wound contraction and helping in the formation of collagen and blood vessels," says Chang. (FYI, wound contraction is essentially a healing response your body has that determines how much skin has been damaged and needs repair.)
- May have some antioxidant properties: Russak says Vitamin K has, "redox properties," referring to the skin's ability to detoxify reactive oxygen species (also known as ROS) that are formed when we're exposed to things such as UV rays and pollution.
- Helps fade under-eye circles: Most of the skincare products touting vitamin K are eye creams that claim to brighten the under-eye area. In theory, this should be due to the effects the vitamin has on the blood clotting process, and how it affects the blood that pools in the tiny vessels underneath the eye. However, our experts were split on the legitimacy of this benefit. While Russak feels that, "it's a great option for people with dark circles and pigment under their eyes," Chang is a bit more skeptical. In a 2015 study, participants who used pads containing vitamin K and caffeine in an emu oil base had an improved appearance of wrinkles and dark circles. However, Chang is quick to point out that the study had limitations. "It's unclear whether the improvement in dark circles was due to vitamin K or from the caffeine and emu oil in this study," she says. Similarly, an older study from 2004 found it to be beneficial in minimizing dark circles and wrinkles... but in this case the vitamin K was paired with retinol, as well as vitamins C and E.
Side Effects of Vitamin K
Here's the thing, though: Despite the fact that the jury is still somewhat out, vitamin K really has no known side effects. "Unless someone has an actual allergy to it, it's safe for all skin types," says Russak. Oh, and one other contraindication—because of the effect it can have on blood clotting, anyone with a risk of blood clots should consult with their physician before using vitamin K, she advises. The bottom line: If you want to give it a try and see if it can help knock out dark circles, there's no real harm in doing so.
How to Use It
As a general rule of thumb, you can go ahead and use it once or even twice daily, given that it's most often found in eye creams. For the best results, search for it in formulas where it's paired with other brightening ingredients—think caffeine, arnica—or even with retinol, which may help to improve the penetration of the vitamin K, according to Russak.
The Best Products with Vitamin K
Russak recommends this option, which touts one percent vitamin K oxide and phospholipids meant to help stimulate circulation in the micro-capillaries under the eyes. She also lauds it for the addition of, "high-reflecting minerals to brighten the skin."
One of the brand's best-sellers, this super lightweight serum has a slightly yellow-ish tint and plenty of light-reflecting minerals that instantly minimize the look of raccoon eyes. At the same time, vitamin K promises to help address discoloration, horse chestnut is meant to improve circulation, and chamomile-derived bisabolol soothes the delicate skin around your peepers.
"This product also has arnica montana extract to decrease redness and inflammation, and squalene to moisturize the delicate skin around the eyes," says Russak of another one of her choices. Dab it around your eyes, for sure, but this also pulls double duty if you want to use it on the rest of your complexion—a win if you have easily irritated skin.
This eye cream is great because it also contains vitamins C and E, which are not only powerful antioxidants, but also work synergistically with the vitamin K, says Russak. Not to mention that it also touts line-smoothing peptides, and who doesn't want fewer dark circles and lines?
Yes, you get the dark circle-fighting benefits of vitamin K in this formula, but we also appreciate that it delivers other ingredients that are especially choice for the fragile skin around your eyes. Namely, soothing aloe, protective, antioxidant-rich green tea, and hyaluronic acid for plenty of non-greasy hydration.
Ahmadraji F, Shatalebi MA. Evaluation of the clinical efficacy and safety of an eye counter pad containing caffeine and vitamin K in emulsified emu oil base. Adv Biomed Res. 2015;4:10. doi:10.4103/2277-9175.148292
Mitsuishi T, Shimoda T, Mitsui Y, Kuriyama Y, Kawana S. The effects of topical application of phytonadione, retinol and vitamins C and E on infraorbital dark circles and wrinkles of the lower eyelids. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2004;3(2):73-75. doi:10.1111/j.1473-2130.2004.00070.x