There's no shortage of old beauty wives' tales out there: cold water will shrink your pores, shaving makes hair grow faster, pull out a gray hair and two will grow back in its place. We're sure you've also heard of putting toothpaste on a pimple to make it go away (Gigi Hadid swears by this trick). But this is without a doubt one of those beauty hacks that need to be put to bed. In other words, do not pass go, do not collect two hundred dollars, and do not, we repeat, do not apply toothpaste as a spot treatment.
Ahead, dermatologists explain exactly why using toothpaste to treat pimples is a scary idea.
Can Toothpaste Be Used For Treating Acne?
Primarily, using toothpaste as a breakout remedy plays into the whole "dry up a pimple to get rid of it" trope. "Since acne lesions tend to contain oil, the myth likely started because a lot of people believe that drying out an acne lesion will help make it go away faster," says Amanda Doyle, MD, a dermatologist at Russak Dermatology Clinic. And yes, there is some validity here because toothpaste does contain ingredients that are drying. We're talking about baking soda, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium laureth sulfate, to name a few. And if you're thinking that you've seen some of those ingredients listed on the labels of skincare products, you're right—many of them are. But the issue comes when you start to combine them in a formula that's not intended for your skin.
"Keep in mind that your teeth are ranked amongst the toughest substances in your body, and we're using toothpaste to clean them. Your skin, in contrast, is incredibly delicate. Using a cleanser that's meant for teeth can disrupt the pH balance of your skin and irritate it greatly," points out Rachel Nazarian, MD, a dermatologist at Schweiger Dermatology Group in New York City. And when the pH balance of your skin is disrupted, conditions such as rosacea and eczema can start to flare up, leaving you with more issues than just that one annoying zit.
The antibacterial nature of toothpaste also plays into the myth that it could be beneficial in fighting blemishes, but this is simply not the case. "Toothpaste used to contain triclosan, an antibacterial agent that was thought to kill acne-causing bacteria," explains Marnie Nussbaum, MD, a New York City-based dermatologist. Sounds good in theory, right? Well, this is now a null and void point since beauty products are prohibited from using triclosan due to questions about its safety, she adds. (More on what are effective antibacterial ingredients that you could use instead in a moment).
What Are The Risks of Using Toothpaste for Acne?
To the point of skin conditions, slathering toothpaste onto your face can also potentially lead to perioral dermatitis (POD), which is characterized by inflamed, red, rash-like bumps around your nose and mouth. The exact cause is unknown—though hormones may play a role because it's much more common in women—certain topical ingredients are thought to be triggers. Among them? Flouride, an essential ingredient for dental hygiene, that's, you guessed it, a primary component in most toothpaste formulas, says Nikhil Dhingra, MD, a board-certified dermatologist of Spring Street Dermatology. Plus, in an ironic twist, POD often looks like bad acne.
Even if you're lucky enough to not be susceptible or prone to any of the aforementioned skin conditions, many of the ingredients in toothpaste can trigger actual allergic reactions when applied directly to and left on the skin. These include sodium lauryl sulfate, propylene glycol, cinnamic aldehyde (a flavoring agent), and the preservative sodium benzoate, says Nussbaum. Signs of an allergic skin reaction include redness, itching, and swelling of the area where the product was applied.
What to Use Instead
There are more than enough effective and safe spot treatments and skincare solutions out there that will help banish a blemish, stat—without the irritating side effects that are pretty much guaranteed to occur if you use toothpaste. A few dermatologist-favorites: Over-the-counter benzoyl peroxide options (which are antibacterial), or (sulfur-based treatments), which are anti-inflammatory, says Dhingra. You can also look for OTC options that rely on salicylic acid, an oil-dissolving ingredient that works effectively to help gently exfoliate and unclog the pores, suggests Nussbaum.
This budget-friendly acne spot treatment is great for tackling breakouts. It contains 2.5 percent Benzoyl Peroxide, yet the formula isn't over-drying or irritating for the skin.
For daily treatment, try this acne-fighting solution from Clinique. To use, simply apply a thin layer to your skin twice a day after cleansing. You can also use this as a spot treatment if you are using another leave-on treatment.
This spot treatment from Kate Somerville zaps pimples away while preventing future breakouts. Use by applying the pink sediment to your pimple with a clean cotton swab. Leave to dry overnight.
The Final Takeaway
If you're in a pinch and/or want to go the DIY route, there are plenty of options that are much more effective and gentler on skin than toothpaste. "I like applying a cotton ball soaked in cooled green tea, a little bit of topical antibiotic ointment, or an ice cube to a blemish to constrict the blood vessels and decrease redness," advises Nazarian. All will have soothing and anti-inflammatory benefits and are a better choice than toothpaste.
At the end of the day, if these spot treatments aren't cutting it and you're still battling blemishes on the regular, it's time to call in the pros. See your board-certified dermatologist for prescription-grade spot treatments, which often incorporate antibiotics into the topical mix, advises Dhingra.
Why do people use toothpaste to treat acne?
There is no one clear answer for why people use toothpaste as a spot treatment for pimples, but it most likely has to do with the idea that toothpaste is drying. Many of the ingredients in toothpaste include baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol, etc. which have been said to help dry out pimples.
Are there other safe, at-home remedies for treating pimples?
Your best bet is to use a medication or spot treatment prescribed by your doctor or dermatologist. Look for acne-healing products that have salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. Also, many all-natural skincare brands have products that specifically target acne.
Tempark T, Shwayder TA. Perioral dermatitis: a review of the condition with special attention to treatment options. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2014 Apr;15(2):101-13. doi: 10.1007/s40257-014-0067-7.