How to Preserve Your Tattoo In the Sun, According to a Dermatologist

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@girlknewyork 

New tattoos are crisp, vibrant, and exciting to look at. But if you head out into the sun too quickly after getting your new ink, you can end up ruining the beauty of the design. Even a hidden tattoo is susceptible to sun damage, so it’s important to do your research on how best to care for your fresh tattoo. Too much sun exposure can cause fading, scarring, or color spreading, especially in the first few months after getting ink. Thankfully, protecting your tattoo is as easy as prevention and preservation. Ahead, a dermatologist and two tattoo artists share their best tips for protecting both new and old tattoos from the sun.

Meet the Expert

  • Dr. Marnie Nussbaum, MD, FAAD is a board-certified, award-winning dermatologist specializing in cosmetic and medical dermatology at Marnie Nussbaum Dermatology & Aesthetics in New York City.
  • Dan Hunter is a professional tattoo artist with over 10 years experience in tattoo artistry, education, and instruction. He's also the owner, head writer, and chief editor of AuthorityTattoo.com.
  • Max Brown is the co-founder of and resident tattoo artist at Brown Brothers Tattoo in Chicago. There, he specializes in symbolic animal tattoo artistry, including dragons, panthers, snakes, hawks, eagles, and wolves.

How the Sun Damages Tattoos

UV rays from the sun will fade your tattoos if exposed to a lot of direct sunlight. When you leave your ink out in the sun, those UV rays are absorbed and essentially break up the pigment in your design. Tattoos themselves are actually under two layers of skin, with the top acting as a filter between the pigment and the sun. However, the darker skin gets from sun exposure, the more colors will fade — regardless of how dark they started out.

Are New Tattoos More Susceptible to Damage?

New tattoos are absolutely more susceptible to damage. A fresh tattoo is basically an open wound with no protection overtop of it. If the raw wound were to be exposed to the sun, it would burn much faster than healed skin, meaning your tattoo could fade, crack, blister or peel.

"Your tattooed skin is going to be classed as an open wound until the scabbing process is complete," advised Dan Hunter of Authority Tattoo. "This can take up to two-to-three weeks, and sometimes a longer amount of time depending on the size and placement of the tattoo."

To protect your new tattoo, we love the original, unscented Aquaphor formula. Slather on day or night for intense moisture and protection. (Or, try one of these tattoo artist-approved lotions.)

What Types of Tattoos Are the Most At-Risk?

While all fresh tattoos should be kept out of the sun, it's especially important for those with color designs with light tints, according to tattoo artist Max Brown of Brown Brothers Tattoo in Chicago Illinois.

"As they settle in and become exposed to the elements, the lighter colors fade quicker than black, dark green, dark blue, dark purple," said Brown. "Darker colors have proven their lightfastness over time. Care during healing is key, and sunblock is necessary to help your tattoos keep their gorgeous color."

How to Protect Your Tattoo From the Sun

  1. Wear Sunscreen: Sunblock is the number one form of protection for your tattoo. Applying sunblock will help prevent skin cancer, wrinkles, blotchy complexions, and other skin-caused damaged. Any sunblock is better than no sunblock when it comes to preparing your ink for the sun, but most artists will suggest using a fragrance sunscreen with 30-50 SPF (try to stick to natural ingredients if possible too!). Whatever sunscreen you would normally use without a tattoo is fine — whether chemical or physical. According to dermatologist Dr. Marnie Nussbaum, SPF is a critical part of protecting your tattoo against UV rays. "The most important thing when choosing a sunscreen is to make sure it is broad-spectrum, meaning it protects against both UVA, which penetrate deeper than UVB rays, causing free radical damage, and UVB rays, which damage the cell's DNA and burn the skin," said Dr. Nussbaum. "Sunburns and chronic UV exposure can damage the appearance of tattoos over time and lead to fading, wrinkles, and dullness/dryness." Dr. Nussbaum also says it's safe to put sunscreen on a healed tattoo, but fresh ink will need to heal first (instead, cover it with a bandage or loose clothing). Be sure to reapply your sunblock every two hours or so to ensure a constant and solid layer of protection.
  2. Cover Up: If you don’t want to deal with the hassle of reapplying sunscreen, the second-best option for sun protection is to completely keep your new ink out of the sun at all. At the very least, make sure not to expose a new tattoo to direct sunlight for the first month of having it — especially the first two weeks. Not only will sun exposure during this time cause the tattoo’s colors to fade, but it could actually burn your skin and scar it from sun damage. Keeping your tattoo out of the sun doesn’t mean you have to stay inside all day, though. Maintain the vibrant colors and linework of your ink by always wearing at least one layer while in the sun. It can be light — as long as it covers the tattoo design completely.
  3. Get Your Tattoo During the Winter: One of the easiest ways to prevent sun damage to your tattoo is to consider what time of year you’ll be getting inked. If you get the tattoo too close to a vacation or beach day, you’ll spend the whole time out of the water with your ink covered. While saltwater may seem like it’ll help (chlorine water—not so much), any kind of soaking during your initial two week healing period could cause infection and damage the design work you paid for. If you really want to get a tattoo during the summer, at least wait until you know you won’t be going on vacation for a month or so. And if you want to get tattooed while on vacation? Just wait until the latter half of your trip, so you can still have fun in the sun and worry about aftercare once you’re done.
  4. Moisturize Often, Inside and Out: Dr. Nussbaum also suggests moisturizing often and drinking water every day. "Keep your skin well hydrated so that it can protect itself from external damage and maintain your skin’s natural moisture barrier," said Dr. Nussbaum. She also noted that hydration doesn't mean more showers, though. "Skip the long, hot showers, which can strip the skin of its natural oils and lead to dry skin, and instead opt for a shorter shower (5 minutes maximum) with lukewarm water."
  5. Check-In With Your Skin: Another important thing to do if you expose your tattoo to the sun is to check your skin for any visible signs of damage. Aside from spot-checking regularly for any mole additions or changes (this should be a weekly thing, regardless of the season!), make sure to give your tattoo a good once over to ensure that the design hasn’t majorly warped. Just because you're being careful in the sun doesn't mean you've successfully kept your ink covered. Remember that, above all, putting on sunscreen is the absolute best way to protect your tattoo and prevent possible sun damage. To ensure that your design stays as beautiful and fresh as the day you received it, make sure to use common sense and keep your tattoos out of the sun until they've healed—and even after.

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