Choosing the right foundation for your skin type is essential to having flawless makeup. Knowing what type of skin you have, and how to treat it, makes choosing foundation formulas that much easier. From sheer coverage to full, oil-free to tinted oil, there's always a foundation formula perfect for your skin type. You just have to know how to find it.
Having oily skin means that your oil glands never actually stop producing excess oil, and your skin can turn from matte to shiny multiple times through the day. Most people with oily skin will get excess oil in all areas and not just the T-zone, making it difficult sometimes to control it. You'll know that you have oily skin if your face feels greasy at times. Yes, there are steps to take for oil control pre-foundation, but even if you accomplish that you will need the right foundation. Investing in a water or powder based foundation, or one that's specifically oil free is what you want.
It will keep your skin glowing, but prevent it from looking greasy. After all, a glow is imperative to helping skin look dewy and fresh, which is something you don't want to miss out on. Wearing light weight moisturizers with your makeup is best when you have oily skin as well, as thicker creams can add excess product that is too heavy on the face.
Combination skin usually means that you feel or look shiny or oily in your "T-Zone," or across your forehead, down your nose, and onto your chin. Most people with combination skin have limited oil which can become bothersome by midday, or roughly 4-6 hours after washing your face. Tackling combination skin types requires knowing what products work best for you, during whichever season it is. In the warmer months, your skin will be oilier, while in the cooler months your skin may go more normal to dry.
This means that you may need two different foundation formulas depending on the season.
People with combination skin can wear either oil-free or a regular oil-based foundation, depending on the amount of oil and if there are any areas where breakouts consistently occur. To play it safe, if your skin is combination and does not feel tight after washing, then you should choose an oil-free foundation. If you don't like the idea of liquid foundation, then try a powder or oil-free stick foundation as an alternative. Always keep blotting papers, like Boscia's Clear Complexion Blotting Linens ($10,) in order to dab off excess oil.
Dry skin can be particularly sensitive in the winter months, and excess flaking is something absolutely no one wants to deal with when aiming for a smooth complexion. Some signs of having dry skin are that it feels tight after washing, or if it sometimes flakes as soon as you apply makeup. You may see flaking on your nose or forehead, but this alone isn't a sign of dryness, as oily skin can flake as well. So you should base your assessment on how taut your skin feels after washing, and throughout the day.
If you have no shine (or it's very minimal) after six hours+ since washing, you more than likely have dry skin. The best test is just to see how your skin feels and looks through the day, which makes it much easier to assess the level of dryness.
Dry skin needs the added moisture in order for your foundation and the rest of your makeup to look great. The key is having a great pre-makeup routine that gives your skin the moisture it needs, and then using a foundation that will continue to moisturize so skin appears dewy all day long. Some key foundation types for dry skin are oil based liquid foundations (especially the ones that have natural oils), tinted moisturizers, and creams. A primer can also go a long way. Starting with a hydrating mask or moisturizer will ensure you get a great base of hydrating properties before moving onto makeup.
Best practice is to use a moisture mask a few times a week for consistent smooth, and hydrated skin.