From ceramic to titanium, wands to triple barrels, there's a lot to consider when shopping for a curling iron (which inevitably makes for decision fatigue). The truth is, though much of what you should consider depends on your hair length and texture (as well as the type of curl you're after), it's relatively easy to understand if you know the basics. Below, discover the best curling iron material for your hair, as well as the differences between barrel sizes, heat settings, and curling iron shapes. Plus, with the help of Nine Zero One Salon Riawna Capri and celebrity hairstylist Matthew Collins, we're dishing out how to use a curling iron, too.
Meet the Expert
Get to know the different types of curling irons with our expert-approved guide ahead.
Ceramic Curling Iron
Ceramic is the most common curling iron material, as it spreads heat evenly and smooths out the hair. They tend to work especially well for thin hair types that can't handle high temperatures. Collins says to go for a curling iron with a full ceramic plate versus just a ceramic coating. "The infrared heat goes deep into the hair quickly, so it locks in the moisture to create less damage," he explains. "Heat will be even and create a smooth, shiny surface."
Used by professional hairstylists, titanium is purported to be the most durable, lightweight curling iron material and can hold high heat settings for longer. This material is ideal for thick hair types. "Titanium plates will heat up much quicker and are great for pros, but [it heats] from the outside in and for an inexperienced user could cause more damage over time," says Collins.
Tourmaline Curling Iron
While most hair aficionados find themselves choosing between titanium versus ceramic curling irons, several other materials are available. Made from the stone of the same name, tourmaline curling irons are meant to emit negative ions to combat dull, dry, frizzy hair. It's great for thicker hair types that are difficult to manage. Collins says that when you use a tourmaline iron, it reacts with the positive ions in your hair to balance your hair, leaving it looking very smooth and shiny.
Gold-Plated Curling Iron
Gold-plated technology was used in the early days of flat irons. For curling irons, this material can tolerate high heat settings for an extended period. They're best for coarse or thick hair, but Collins notes that this is the least preferred option as it does not balance the heat evenly over the blade.
To make your curls last longer, let them cool in the palm of your hand before releasing. This will set the curl as the heat dissipates, and will ultimately allow the hair to stay in its curled position for longer.
3/4-inch Barrel Curling Iron
A small, 3/4-inch barrel size is used for creating tight ringlets. It's best for those with short hair and fine hair and can also add definition to curly hair. Capri says that those with naturally curly hair can also use this size to touch up and enhance their natural curl texture no matter its length.
1-inch Barrel Curling Iron
A 1-inch curling iron is the best all-around and can work for a variety of lengths and textures. "This size is best for creating a lot of texture on all lengths, and it’s especially good for short-haired people who want to create definition in their hair," says Capri.
1 1/2-inch Barrel Curling Iron
Long hair is easier to curl with a 1 1/2-inch barrel, as the full length of the hair can fit along the length of the barrel and be exposed to even heat. This size is also ideal for achieving loose waves. If you have shorter hair, Collins says it'll give a soft, blown-out effect.
Traditional Curling Iron
Most traditional curling irons feature a clamp that holds your ends in place as you roll the iron up your hair shaft. Capri says this type allows you to create different curls such as a soft wave, Hollywood glam, and beachy waves.
Clamp-less Curling Iron
Unlike a curling iron that has a clamp, a curling wand has no clamp and instead works by letting you wrap a section of hair around the barrel. Wands are ideal for those with dry, damaged ends, as you can keep them from being exposed to high heat by leaving them unwrapped. Collins says this iron type is for someone who prefers the “beach wave" undone look to their hair, as a clamp-less design leaves your hair looking a little more disheveled.
Cone-Shaped Curling Iron
With a wider base and a narrower tip, cone-shaped curling wands create natural-looking waves that are looser at the root and tighter toward the ends. "This would be for someone who wants a tousled and textured style," says Capri.
Featuring two or three barrels, this type of iron creates looser S-shaped beach waves. "This can be used to create mermaid-looking waves and is a quick and easy way to get a natural texture to your hair," says Collins, adding that though it’s a very easy-to-use tool, it can sometimes can make your hair look too uniformed and bumpy.
Heat is crucial for ensuring your curl holds, but it's important to be mindful of creating a delicate balance to avoid frying your locks. Thin or damaged hair requires lower heat, while thick hair types can afford to go higher. Whatever your hair type, never exceed 450 degrees Fahrenheit, and always apply a heat protectant beforehand.
- Fine or chemically treated hair: Never use a heat setting higher than 300 degrees Fahrenheit if you have thin or chemically treated hair, as these hair types are prone to heat damage. Collins says you should also be using slow passes as opposed to several quick passes.
- Healthy or medium-thick hair: If your hair is virgin or medium in thickness, opt for a curling iron that ranges in temperatures from 300 to 380 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Coarse, curly, or thick hair: Thick hair can get away with using curling irons that have higher temperatures ranging from 350 to 450 degrees Fahrenheit. Collins suggests working quickly, though, because using an extremely hot tool on any one section for too long can cause damage.